"A Day Which Will Live In Infamy." - President Franklin D. Roosevelt

77 years ago today, at 7:48 am Hawaiian time, the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service began a surprise attack against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor. 353 Imperial Japanese aircraft, in two waves, struck the naval base. Eight United States Navy battleships were damaged and four were sunk. All the battleships except the U.S.S. Arizona were raised, and six returned to action. in addition, three cruisers, three destroyers, an anti-aircraft training ship and 188 U.S. aircraft were destroyed and/or damaged.

2,403 Americans were killed and 1,178 others were wounded. Japanese losses were light: 29 aircraft and 5 midget submarines were lost. 64 serviceman were killed and one was captured. The surprise attack led to the American entry into World War II as the following day, December 8, 1941, the United States declared war on Imperial Japan. Germany and Italy declared war on the United States on December 11, which led the U.S. to declare war on Germany and Italy. President Franklin D. Roosevelt in a speech to a Joint Session of Congress on December 8, 1941, called the unprovoked attack on Pearl Harbor as a "date which will live in infamy." The attack galvanized the American people since they pulled together in unity in support of the war. The attack also brought the United States into World War II on the side of the Allies and eventually ended the war with Japan with the first use of the atomic bomb. 

Today we mark the 77th Anniversary of the Attack on Pearl Harbor. We remember the naval personnel and civilians who gave their lives on that day. We also remember the United States efforts during the war. We also hope to never see another global conflict of its magnitude again in our lifetimes.  

 
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